How Is a Gastrectomy Performed?
This procedure can be performed as open or laparoscopic surgery.
During open gastrectomy, one long incision is made on the abdominal wall. Your surgeon will pull back your skin, muscles and tissues to access and remove part or all of your stomach. Afterward, the incision will be closed with sutures.
Laparoscopic gastrectomy is far less invasive than open surgery, involving tiny incisions versus one long incision and producing less downtime.
During this procedure, your surgeon will make a series of small incisions across your abdomen into which small surgical tools can be inserted to perform the surgery—including a long, thin camera known as a laparoscope. The laparoscope projects images of your insides onto a screen to give your surgeon a clear view of your abdominal cavity.
Laparoscopic surgeries have fewer risks and side effects than open surgeries. Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic gastrectomy is associated with less blood loss, shortened hospitalization and reduced morbidity. Recovery and downtime periods are also shorter, given that smaller incisions can heal more quickly than one long incision with proper care.