Abdominal surgery refers to any surgery performed in the abdominal region. The small and large intestines take up the largest amount of space in the abdominal cavity. Surgeries involving the intestines is broadly referred to as intestinal surgery. There are two types of intestinal surgery – conventional open surgery and minimally invasive laparoscopic/robotic surgery.
In conventional open surgery, a larger incision (cut) is made in the abdomen for the surgeon to directly view the abdominal cavity and make repairs. In laparoscopic/robotic surgery, a few smaller incisions are made and repairs are made with the assistance of a laparoscope – a small instrument with a tiny camera and light at the end.
A tube (trocar) is inserted through which the surgeon inserts the laparoscope, as well as two to three additional trocars. These trocars allow the surgeon to insert small surgical tools. The laparoscope allows the surgeon to see inside the abdominal cavity without opening up a large incision.
Compared to open surgery, laparoscopic/robotic surgery usually offers the following advantages:
A general understanding of the gastrointestinal tract is helpful when an abdominal surgery is needed. The digestive system is divided into the upper digestive tract and the lower digestive tract, which sits in the lower abdominal cavity. The lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract consists of the part of the small intestines and the large intestine. There are also accessory glands that open into the upper GI, including the liver and pancreas.
At Advanced Laparoscopic Associates, we perform the following surgical procedures to treat hepatobiliary conditions:
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